Why and when food is donated?

When food surpluses occur, the best destination, which ensures the highest value use of edible food resources, is to redistribute these for human consumption. Food donation not only supports the fight against food poverty but can be an effective lever in reducing the amount of surplus food put to industrial uses or sent for waste treatment and ultimately to landfill. Food donation can be also a tool to reduce the need for emergency food aid. However, even though redistribution of food surplus is a growing phenomenon and food manufacturers and retailers are willing to donate their surplus to food redistribution organisations, the amount of food redistributed still represents a small fraction of the overall edible surplus food available in the EU.