WHO: Food and nutrition policy for schools

  • Food aid programmes can contribute towards reducing food insecurity in populations with high risk of malnutrition including children, women in reproductive age and older people.
  • School nutrition programmes can distribute nutrient-dense foods and promote healthy eating habits in children.
  • School nutrition programmes should promote sustainability and involve many stakeholders (teachers, parents, local retailers, etc.) in the development and implementation of the programmes.

The WHO recommends the following five steps to designing and implementing a nutrition programme in schools:

  1. Assemble a core action group.
  2. Carry out a baseline assessment of nutrition in the school.
  3. Develop a food and nutrition policy based on WHO recommendations for healthy eating and active lifestyle for children and adolescents taking into consideration four key elements: school community, school curriculum, school environment and school nutrition and health services.
  4. Develop an action plan in the core action group.
  5. Implement, monitor and evaluate the action plan.