Large Food Supply Chain

Large supply chains include

  • higher complexity and total number of transactions
  • tendentially higher influences between actors
  • higher food miles
  • high amount of data
  • Conserved food: maintainable by canning, freezing, pasteurization, modified atmosphere packaging or chilling, easy transportation, decreased loss and degradation, nutritious and varied diet throughout the year
  • Manufactured food: usually needs a high number of total transactions, ingredients come from different production types and origins – some may origin from local supply chains, others from global networks
  • Commodity food: simple conserved food, internationally dealt and stored, frequently include long-distance sea transport

Large Food Supply Chain Example

Using ingredients imported from all over the world and production steps in different countries

Large Supply Chains Problems

Large food supply chains including transport to many different parts of the world, are vulnerable during crises, like the COVID-19 pandemic. During this time, food systems were partly disrupted and big supermarkets were out of products due to panic buying.

The figure shows how a network of logistics and supply chains connect the sectors and how COVID-19 disruption of the chain negatively affected the others.