Food Intake and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is caused by both environmental and genetic factors. In 2013 T2DM caused 5.1 million deaths, and half of those came from people under 60. By 2035, 592 million worldwide will be diagnosed with T2DM.

More than 90% of T2DM cases are potentially preventable by following a healthy diet.

Food products associated with an increased risk of T2DM:

Refined grains, red and processed meat, sugar-sweetened beverages

Food products associated with a decreased risk of T2DM:

Whole grains, dietary fibre, vegetables (particularly cruciferous), nuts, coffee and tea (moderate consumption)